This guide is here to help you better understand allergies, the immune system response that is focused on fighting off an allergen, which are the particular substances your body believes to be harmful. This guide will cover the causes of allergies and the signs and symptoms to help you better understand how to manage the effects of your allergies.
What are the Different Types of Allergies?
The list below outlines the main types of allergies and details their causes and effects.
1. Drug Allergies
Some people will experience an allergic reaction to a category of medication. The category of medication that triggers drug allergies include. The type and severity of the reaction will differ from person to person; for some individuals, the symptoms will be mild. For others, it can be life-threatening.
2. Food Allergies
A food allergy is an abnormal immune response to specific proteins in a food. The effects of a food allergy can vary significantly from person to person, while for some people, the symptoms might be minimal; for others, the effects can be life-threatening. The most common food allergies are:
1. Lactose most commonly affects children under the age of three.
2. Eggs, again, this is most commonly found in children; most grow out of this allergy by their mid-teens.
3. Tree nuts this is a very common allergy that can have serious effects.
4. Peanuts, another very common allergy that can have potentially fatal consequences.
5. Shellfish is usually caused by a protein called tropomyosin.
Some people will be able to deal with the effects of a food allergy by administering itchy allergy eye relief, while others will need to carry an EpiPen with them at all times.
3. Insect Allergies
For most people, an insect bite or sting is uncomfortable but not overly threatening; this is not the case for those that suffer from an insect allergy. The most common insects to cause reactions in those that have an insect allergy include:
- Fire ants
- Yellow jackets
4. Latex Allergies
Specifically, a latex allergy is an intolerance to the natural rubber found in latex. A latex allergy can have a range of symptoms depending upon its severity; some people might experience hives or itchy skin, while it might cause others anaphylaxis.
5. Mold Allergies
Mold and mildew are fungi that release seeds called spores that travel through the air. People that are allergic to mold are likely allergic to these spores. When an individual inhales mold spores, they might experience a range of symptoms such as sneezing, itching, a running nose, congestion, or dry skin.
6. Animal Allergies
Animal allergies are very common, especially for individuals who have other allergies or asthma. Cats and dogs cause more allergic reactions than any other animals. An individual might be allergic to the proteins present in the animals, saliva, urine, feces, or dander. The symptoms of an animal allergy include nasal and lung symptoms such as a runny nose, wheezing and difficulty breathing. An animal allergy might also cause a skin reaction such as hives, eczema, or swelling.
7. Pollen Allergies
Pollen allergies are the most prominent cause of seasonal allergies, one of the most commonly suffered allergies in adults. A pollen allergy is otherwise known as ‘hay fever,’ can produce a range of symptoms such as sneezing, itchy nose and eyes, and wheezing. Pollen is a fine, yellow powder-like substance that is released by plants and transported by the wind, insects, or animals. The purpose of pollen is to fertilize plants, but when it is unintentionally breathed in hay fever, it can trigger a quite uncomfortable response.